The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America

Khalil Gibran Mohammad
Description of Resource: 

Well-written and well-documented book that extends Michelle Alexander's work back into history.  The author shows how statistics garnered from the 1890 census, the first to measure the generation of African Americans born post-slavery, crime statistics, and immigration trends were used to create a narrative associating African Americans with criminality -- a threat to modern urban society.  Published 2010, Harvard University Press.

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