Considering Hate: Violence, Goodness, and Justice in American Culture and Politics

Book published by Beacon Press, January 2015.  Over the centuries American society has been plagued by brutality fueled by disregard for the humanity of others: systemic violence against Native peoples, black people, and immigrants. More recent examples include the Steubenville rape case and the murders of Matthew Shepard, Jennifer Daugherty, Marcelo Lucero, and Trayvon Martin. Most Americans see such acts as driven by hate. . . .   All too often Americans choose to believe that terrible cruelty is aberrant, caused primarily by “extremists” and misfits.

The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America

Well-written and well-documented book that extends Michelle Alexander's work back into history.  The author shows how statistics garnered from the 1890 census, the first to measure the generation of African Americans born post-slavery, crime statistics, and immigration trends were used to create a narrative associating African Americans with criminality -- a threat to modern urban society.  Published 2010, Harvard University Press.